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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    October 1, 2012
    7:00 - 7:30am EDT  

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and
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capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> the time bomb of an aging world. the new report that calls upon governments to act now to avoid a crisis in the future. u.s. population is growing faster than any other in the world. we will have reaction from japan, already facing the challenge. hello, welcome to "gmt," with a world of news and opinion. the row over safety standards in
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the skies above europe. new proposals for flying rules. they're calling it the greatest comeback in golfing history. a european starter has left the american team stunned. midday in london, 8:00 p.m. in tokyo, where the united nations has published an alarming report about the rapidly aging global population. by 2050 there will be more elderly people than there are under 15 and the vast majority will be in poor countries, those least capable of dealing with the demographic time bomb. japan is one country that is already having to face up to the challenge.
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>> if the rest of the world wants to see what the future might look like, they need look no further than here in japan. their population is already aging more rapidly than anywhere else in the world. 30% of people here are already over the age of 60. driving from here in tokyo to the countryside, the men and women harvesting the rice are invariably gray-haired. the japanese population is not only aging rapidly, it is also shrinking at an alarming rate. the current population will shrink from 127 million to just 87 million in the next 60 years. the biggest challenge facing the japanese government now is how will they pay for the care of these elderly people with fewer and fewer young people to pay
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the taxes? some economists here are calling it a financial catastrophe in the making. >> that was rupert hayes in tokyo. we will have more on this, but the way, in a moment, but let's take a look at some of the other stories making headlines around the world today. nato has been concerned that three of their troops have been killed in afghanistan. the device is believed to be -- believed to have been detonated, killing an interpreter as well. the japanese prime minister has appointed a popular foreign minister to his cabinet. the appointment is being seen as an attempt to improve relationships with beijing after a period of high tension over disputed islands in the east
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china sea. 20 years in prison on charges of setting rebellion, human rights groups have condemned the conviction, saying that it is part of a continued campaign against government critics. the prime minister demanded in june that the journalist be arrested for allegedly plot to overthrow the state. tops go back now to our story of the aging population and the challenges of that across the world. our international correspondent has been following the story and joins us now from our london studio. in many senses, this is the price of success, is it not? >> it is a triumph that so many people are living longer. better nutrition, better housing, basically a result of the world getting richer. broadly speaking, this is taking
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place across the world. japan has the oldest population, but there are aging populations throughout the world. >> the problem, as you say, this is the price of success, but it also represents a challenge. these people have to be looked after, housed, and so on. the greatest challenge will be in the poorer countries, if i might put it that way. >> they do have an aging population, but they also have huge problems with their youth, the pressures on education, health and so on for young people. this is a major challenge for the developing countries. some of them have begun to address it. this is one of those issues that creeps up on you, like climate change. government pushes it into the next session of parliament, if you like, but by 26 feet there
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will be more people over the age of 60 than under the age of 16. in bolivia they now have an old age pension of about $50 per month, per person, which is beginning to improve matters. >> there are other kinds of things that these producers are talking about. >> it really affects every area of social policy. it is about health, it is about housing and long-term educating people to make themselves healthier so that they do not represent a drain on the state as they get older. it is about the opportunities and challenges. older people, with their experience and education, if they live longer and work longer, they can contribute. >> does your report give any sense as to what might happen if
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these measures were not taken? the kind of social crisis that might follow? >> it is clear that if you have a lot people that cannot cope as well as the can when they are younger or middle age, they cannot do their farming or go to work as often, there is going to be a major crisis. as i say, it is a crisis that has been gradually creeping up on the world. this is like an alarm bells saying that really have to address its. one generation away we will have more people over the age 60 than under the age of 15. >> the european aviation safety agency is setting out proposals to harmonize the flying times of all of the airlines in the union. they say it is especially important for the airplanes across southern and eastern europe, but it has been met with criticism by the british pilots
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union, meaning the pilots will be -- worried that it means that pilots will be flying for longer. >> it is complex, but we do have some comparisons here. three early starts in a row, potentially. in her out -- up to 110 hours, three pilots could drop down to two pilots, and it could even affect days off and how you are called to produce. they are saying that some of those protections are going to go. >> our transport correspondent there with those details. later in the program we will be
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talking to a former pilot and had a safety. it has been dubbed the miracle of medina, the team beat the americans by one. at the country club near chicago. danny swiss reports. >> what extraordinary drama we have seen, one of the greatest comebacks in the history of the ryder cup. people had written off the european team in the final day. they were already the underdogs going in on american soil, but somehow they pulled it out of the bag. the first key was the five matches won by the european team. the momentum swung dramatically towards the european team.
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then the united states rallied, thinking they might just take it, but at the very end a man with a fairly miserable seen retained the ryder cup for europe. at the end of the match on the final hole, tiger woods missed a short putt. they had want it out right. an extraordinary day of drama here at medina for the ryder cup team. they have maintained against all odds. >> and the said they will try not to gloat too much. an official inquiry is beginning in south africa into the killing at the platinum mine in august. striking miners were reportedly shot dead by police. it was the worst outbreak of violence since the end of apartheid two decades ago.
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more now from milton in johannesburg. how be killed will this inquiry be? >> actually, i happened to be at the civics center where the judicial commission of inquiry into the killings has already begun. it has been led by a retired judge, who this morning asked for a minute of silence, to stand up in memory of those who were killed during the disputed strike. today the judge is hoping that the commission, all the members of the commission, this three member panel and legal representatives of the party can go to the scene of the shooting to look and investigate further what happened. >> i think that the inquiry is
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going to take some months, but regardless of the outcome, the events have already sparked further industrial disputes across the mining sector, have they not? >> what has happened is south africa it is in strike and yes, indeed, you are right. because of that other sectors in the mining industry have joined the strike. we are currently also looking at the industrial dispute amongst the truck drivers. there are political ramifications. the governing party has agreed to a contest in december and there are various implications as to how they deal with the issue. >> as far as the americana miners are concerned, they did
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not get quite as much as they wanted, but a good deal in the end? >> they got a 22% pay rise, which is the difficulty. they circumvented the union system and went directly to the employer. other workers are now thinking they should dump the union and have a direct negotiation process with the employer. the unions are at pains in trying to convince their members that they are still relevant and still represent their best interests. >> milton, thank you. still to come, we are in germany to find out why the police there are after the country's hell's angels. tens of thousands of families
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are struggling to cope in the aftermath of deadly monsoon flooding across pakistan. it is estimated at 4.5 million people have been impacted by the floods. some claim that they have received little help from the authorities. a spokesman has said that the government has not yet appealed for foreign assistance. this comes as the european union announced additional funding a 50 million euros to help flood victims. >> making the best of a bad situation, children playing in floodwaters left behind by the recent torrential rainfall. for their parents, the damage has only brought misery. >> i have eight children badly affected by the flood water. all of my household things were washed away. my relatives are not with me. even this bed is not mine.
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>> officials say that more than 400 people have been killed this year. makeshift encampments provide shelter for those who have survived but lost their homes. some flood victims claim that the authorities have not done enough. >> i did not get anything. my children have been living on the side of the road. >> rainfall this year has been significantly less than 2010, when floods put one fifth of the country under water. scant consolation for those whose livelihoods have been devastated and whose futures remain uncertain. >> remember, for more on the that the floods that have swept across pakistan, had to our website. there you will find the latest news and analysis from correspondence on the ground. the flooding is affecting
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millions of people. this is "gmt from "bbc world news." headlines -- the time bomb of the aging world. governments are being devised now to avoid a crisis in the future. the skies above europe, new proposals for airline pilots flying rules from british pilots. jamie is here. these are new on employment figures? >> not dramatically higher, but it is not nice for each one of these people being put out of work either. statistically, it is not a fast rise. what is worrying is the continual increase the goes on every month. we got down to 11.4%.
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figures from july were revised upward slightly. fairly level, but all the time moving up. yesterday from ernst and young, looking at the whole of the euro, they could get up to 12% by the end of next year, which is a frightening level. the other interesting thing is where they are hitting, putting strong austerity measures in creates high unemployment. this is what one spanish medical student explained. >> i am worried that i will not be able to find anything of mine. it is difficult to study and work like this. >> one thing that this woman said was that if she did not get
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a job in spain, she was going to move overseas. there will be an enormous amount of migration going on around europe. there will be a lot of movement. move on to mining. i do not know if you would call it a merger or takeover? >> technically it is a merger, but most people are calling it a takeover. glenn ford, a commodities trader. not a mining company. they do get the stuff of the ground. initially it was a very comfortable deal that both sides really wanted. the sticking point over the price seems to have been sorted out. there's also the sticking point of how much the executives would be given to keep them there. they are a very good team. that has been put to one side.
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those, the takeover is going to go ahead. john explain to us how the deal works. >> they have financed and supported that group for many years and the companies are close, but they trade at an arm's length distance. in reality there is a lot that goes on between these companies. they are pulling the mining expertise in to say that there is more money to be made in mining at this point in time and even more to be made by trading commodities. >> talking about the future there was promising. one thing to mention is how happy they have been with the arrangement, there have been many arguments about who will be maintaining what. a good combination, these
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companies together. >> that you very much. in russia, the appeal hearing for the members of a punk rock group, was a riot, has been adjourned. they were sentenced to two years in prison for singing a song that mocked vladimir putin. they say they doubt their conviction will be overturned because the case is part of a wider crackdown on critics of the russian president. fiercely contested parliamentary elections in georgia, there has already been in -- already been numerous incidents of violence. damian mcginnis is in tbilisi. >> this is the first time in a decade that the ruling party has been seriously challenged.
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since coming to power in 2004, his pro-western government has ruled without any serious opposition. he says the country will be thrown back to the crime and chaos of the 1990's if the ruling party is ousted. >> a lot of things are being decided right now in our country. for the future development of our country, for what happens to the european people in this part of the world and what happens to the idea of democracy in this part of the world. >> these are the most unpredictable elections they have known since their on attendance. on the one hand, you have the president's ruling party credited with saving the country from being a failed state. on the other hand, there is an opposition coalition led by a billionaire businessman who earned his money in russia and
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the 1990's. more than 400 western observers are here to check the polls. georgia is keen to join nato and the european union. the new election could be seen as a litmus test for the country's democratic credentials. both sides have accused the other of playing dirty. whoever loses is going to dispute the results. >> all of these observers are observing the democratic process today and looking at how people are participating. many have said this, they have urged a peaceful process. >> most voters have no appetite for more revolution or civil war. after a particularly ugly election campaign, with both sides saying it is a fight between good and evil, emotions
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are running high. >> police in germany are mounting a major campaign against the country's hell's angels. in recent weeks there has been a series of raids where police say that they have seized weapons. the hell's angels say that they are being unfairly targeted. >> the hell's angels of germany. just motorcycle enthusiasts? or something much more sinister? they do have legitimate operations, like clubs, but police say that there is also an illegal side and turf wars over these big money activities have turned violent. at their berlin club, they complained that the police targeted them unfairly. >> they are attacking our families. they shot our dog.
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they destroyed our apartments. this is nothing to do with real police work. >> four months the authorities have targeted the hell's angels, pulling them over and searching them. their homes are rated by heavily armed anti-terrorist police. >> there is a perpetual cat and mouse game now between the hell's angels and the police. they say they are obeying the law, but they are invariably stopped. >> police say that the evidence is there, that they're not just the eccentric tough guys. some chapters or branches have been shut down. the government is debating a national band. >> since 2004 we have arrested more than 500 biker gang members who have received over 380 years in prison. >> berlin is a hub for hell's angels. crucial for expansion.
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stephen schubert is about to publish his in depth study. >> berlin is crucial for globally operating by her clubs looking to expand. if you can control berlin, you control east germany. from there, you can conquer eastern europe. >> police shown no sign of loosening pressure. they have alleged that the hell's angels provide the muscle for protection rackets and run prostitution and drug rings. but in forcing a complete ban would be hard. steven evans, bbc news, berlin. >> a reminder our top story here, the united nations said the number of older people is growing faster than any other age group and more needs to be done to deal with the consequences in the developing world. the u.n. population fund says
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that the number of people over age 60 will be over 1 billion. there is plenty more to come, do stay with us. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard
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to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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